Parent Management Training (PMT)

Parent Management Training (PMT) is a structured and evidence-based therapeutic approach that centers on enhancing parenting skills and strategies. Primarily, it targets behavioral and emotional issues in children and adolescents.

Here are key points about Parent Management Training (PMT):

  1. Behavior Modification Techniques:
    PMT is firmly grounded in the principles of behavior modification, which stress behavior change through reinforcement and consequences. It instructs parents in effective strategies for managing and modifying their child’s behavior.
  1. Goal-Oriented:
    PMT is goal-oriented and often begins with parents and therapists setting specific goals for behavior change. These goals may address issues like defiance, aggression, or other challenging behaviors in children.
  1. Positive Reinforcement:
    PMT encourages the use of positive reinforcement to reward desired behaviors and discourage undesirable ones. This may involve providing rewards or privileges when children exhibit appropriate behavior.
  1. Consistency and Predictability:
    One of the key principles in PMT is the importance of consistent and predictable parenting. Establishing clear rules and consequences helps children in understanding expectations.
  1. Communication and Problem-Solving:
    PMT often includes improving parent-child communication and problem-solving skills. Parents learn to express their expectations and concerns effectively while helping children learn to express their feelings and needs.
  1. Teaching Parents to Be Effective Coaches:
    PMT helps parents become effective coaches and role models for their children, guiding them toward more adaptive behaviors and emotional regulation.
  1. Support and Guidance:
    PMT provides parents with support and guidance to help them navigate challenging situations and make informed decisions about their child’s behavior.
  1. Empowerment:
    By teaching parents practical skills and techniques, PMT empowers them to take an active role in addressing their child’s behavior issues, leading to more harmonious family dynamics.
  1. Applicability:
    PMT is applicable to a wide range of behavioral and emotional problems in children and adolescents, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorders, and oppositional defiant disorder.
  1. Variants:
    Various versions of PMT exist, including the Incredible Years program and the Triple P – Positive Parenting Program, each offering specific strategies and tools to address different aspects of parenting.


To sum up, Parent Management Training (PMT) is a structured and evidence-based approach that equips parents with the tools and strategies to effectively address and modify their child’s behavior. Moreover, it provides valuable resources for families facing behavioral challenges and aims to create a more supportive and nurturing home environment.

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